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WISE Up Action – A Solidarity Network for Manning and Assange

Open Letter to the Lord Chancellor and the Lord chief Justice concerning chief Magistrate Arbuthnot

Posted on July 16, 2020 by greekemmy

Please read this open letter concerning chief Magistrate Arbuthnot and if you agree with the contents please sign or/and comment in the available comments section below where is says “Leave a reply” . Alternatively, you can send an e-mail to asking for your signature  (and if you wish, profession and country of residence) to be added to the Open Letter. 

Free Assange Committee in Germany have translated this open letter and published it on the website here.

16 July 2020

To: Lord Buckland
Lord Burnett of Maldon


We, the undersigned endorse and cosign the Misconduct Arbuthnot 15 07 2020 complaint filed by Ms Niki Konstantinidou with the UK Judicial Conduct Investigations Office (JCIO) and registered under case number 33195/20. That complaint is made in respect of Chief Magistrate Emma Arbuthnot. It is supported by strong evidence regarding the Chief Magistrate’s personal conduct outside the court, in connection with high-level political, military and intelligence players exposed by Mr Assange and WikiLeaks. [1]

We highlight the fact that Chief Magistrate Emma Arbuthnot financially benefited from organisations exposed by WikiLeaks and that her husband and son were, at all relevant times, connected to military and intelligence individuals and entities working to take down the WikiLeaks organisation and its founder, Mr Assange. The investigative report entitled “Julian Assange’s judge and her husband’s links to the British military establishment exposed by WikiLeaks” [2] states the following:

“It can also be revealed that Lady Arbuthnot has received gifts and hospitality in relation to her husband, including from a military and cybersecurity company exposed by WikiLeaks. These activities indicate that the chief magistrate’s activities cannot be considered as entirely separate from her husband’s.”

“At a time when Lady Arbuthnot was in her former position as a district judge in Westminster, she personally benefited from funding together with her husband from two sources which were exposed by WikiLeaks in its document releases.”

“Although the payments were entered into the parliamentary register of interests, the parties in the court case were not informed about them. Although Assange’s trial has attracted significant criticism around the world, Lady Arbuthnot did not consider it necessary to mention these payments to the parties, public and media.”

“There is no suggestion that Lord Arbuthnot was asked to, or did, exert any pressure on Lady Arbuthnot, nor that she succumbed to any such pressure, but there is an appearance of bias which could have been avoided had this connection been revealed and had Lord Arbuthnot avoided meeting those individuals at that time.”

“Thus at the same time Lady Arbuthnot was presiding over Assange’s legal case, her husband was holding talks with senior officials in Turkey exposed by WikiLeaks, some of whom have an interest in punishing Assange and the WikiLeaks organisation.”

The same article ends as follows:

Conflicts of interest: Lord Arbuthnot’s links to the British military establishment constitute professional and political connections between a member of the chief magistrate’s family and a number of organisations and individuals who are deeply opposed to the work of Assange and WikiLeaks and who have themselves been exposed by the organisation.

UK legal guidance states that “any conflict of interest in a litigious situation must be declared.” Judicial guidance to magistrates from the Lord Chancellor and the Lord Chief Justice is clear:

“Members of the public must be confident that magistrates are impartial and independent. If you know that your impartiality or independence is compromised in a particular case you must withdraw at once… Nor should you hear any case which you already know something about or which touches upon an activity in which you are involved”.

Our understanding is that Lady Arbuthnot has failed to disclose any potential conflicts of interest in her role as judge or chief magistrate.

Lady Arbuthnot is known to have stepped aside from adjudicating two other cases due to potential conflicts of interest, but only after investigations by the media.”

The other Daily Maverick investigative report entitled “The son of Julian Assange’s judge is linked to an anti-data leak company created by the UK intelligence establishment” exposes Emma Arbuthnot’s conflicts of interest vis-a-vis her son. [3]

That report ends on this note:

“The CIA has made clear that it is “working to take down” the WikiLeaks organisation. It was recently revealed that the CIA was given audio and video of Julian Assange’s private meetings in the Ecuadorian embassy by a Spanish security company. These included privileged discussions with Assange’s lawyers who are now representing him in the extradition case overseen by Alexander Arbuthnot’s mother, Lady Arbuthnot.”

In the words of Prof. Nils Melzer (UN Special Rapporteur on Torture in his letter dated 29 October 2019 and attached hereto):

“It must be emphasized that it is the responsibility of the British State, and not of Mr. Assange or his defense counsel, to ensure that legal proceedings will be conducted in good faith, by independent and impartial judicial magistrates, and in full compliance with domestic and international law. The State’s duty to ensure due process protects an inherent public interest of systemic importance. Therefore, its effective enforcement cannot be left to the defendant’s discretion, or delegated to defense counsel, but must be proactively and consistently guaranteed by the State.”

Following certain FOI requests to the Ministry of Justice, we have only recently been informed of the “District Judge (Magistrates’ Courts) Terms Of Appointment And Conditions Of Service (2009)”, purportedly applying to Chief Magistrate Emma Arbuthnot.

Those Terms Of Appointment and Conditions of Service state, inter alia, the following:

“17. A District Judge (Magistrates’ Courts) may be removed from office by the Lord Chancellor, with the concurrence of the Lord Chief Justice, on the grounds of incapacity or misbehaviour (s.22(5) Courts Act 2003). Such decisions are taken in accordance with the procedures contained in the Judicial Discipline (Prescribed Procedures) Regulations 2006.


Personal Conduct

55. The Lord Chancellor and Lord Chief Justice believe that the public must be entitled to expect all judges to maintain at all times proper standards of courtesy and consideration. (…) A substantiated complaint of conduct of this kind, whether or not previous complaints have also been made, is in the Lord Chancellor’s and Lord Chief Justice’s view, capable of being regarded as misbehaviour.
62. General Principles. Judges must ensure that while holding judicial office they conduct themselves in a manner consistent with the authority and standing of a judge. They must not, in any capacity, engage in any activity which might undermine, or be reasonably thought to undermine, their judicial independence or impartiality. If in any case any question of bias arises, judges should follow the guidance in the decided cases, including the Court of Appeal judgment in Locabail (UK) Ltd v Bayfield Properties Ltd and Another (2000) Q.B. 451. Judges may not undertake any other remunerated employment, nor receive or retain any fee or emolument in any circumstances save for royalties earned as an author. They may not undertake any task or engage in any activity which in any way limits their ability to discharge their judicial duties to the full. They should so conduct their private affairs as to minimise the possibility of conflict or embarrassment. (…)

68. Political or other activities. A judge must expect to forgo any kind of political activity and also any other activity which could make undue demands on his/her time. He/she should be on his/her guard against circumstances arising in which his/her involvement in any outside activity might be seen to cast doubt on his/her judicial impartiality or conflict with his/her judicial office.
76. Misuse of office, etc. A judge should avoid any action which involves, or may be seen as involving, the exploitation or misuse of his/her judicial position or title for private purposes, e.g. in connection with local planning issues.

79. (…) Any complaint which relates wholly or partly to the personal conduct of a judicial office holder will be dealt with by the Office for Judicial Complaints in accordance with the Judicial Discipline (Prescribed Procedures) Regulations 2006. (…)”

As stated above, according to evidence in the public domain, it is clear that Chief Magistrate Emma Arbuthnot flagrantly misused her judicial status (as judge and supervisory chief magistrate in the Assange case) outside of court for personal gain or advantage; i.e., to protect and further her own personal interests, and those of her husband and son. Such misconduct falls within the remit of the JCIO because it is clearly within the ambit of “The Judicial Conduct (Judicial and other office holders) Rules 2014-Supplementary Guidance” published on the JCIO website. Rule 6 of the Guidance to the Rules states that the JCIO may only consider a complaint that contains an allegation of misconduct relating to the judge’s personal behaviour for example, a misuse of judicial status outside of court.

The failure by the competent UK authorities to seriously handle this outrageous judicial misconduct has already contributed to what the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Torture Nils Melzer describes as “a murderous system” [4]. The Special Rapporteur states the following:

“We are talking about human rights and not about the rights of heroes or angels. Assange is a person, and he has the right to defend himself and to be treated in a humane manner. Regardless of what he is accused of, Assange has the right to a fair trial. But he has been deliberately denied that right – in Sweden, the U.S., Britain and Ecuador. Instead, he was left to rot for nearly seven years in limbo in a room. Then, he was suddenly dragged out and convicted within hours and without any preparation for a bail violation that consisted of him having received diplomatic asylum from another UN member state on the basis of political persecution, just as international law intends and just as countless Chinese, Russian and other dissidents have done in Western embassies. It is obvious that what we are dealing with here is political persecution. In Britain, bail violations seldom lead to prison sentences – they are generally subject only to fines. Assange, by contrast, was sentenced in summary proceedings to 50 weeks in a maximum-security prison – clearly a disproportionate penalty that had only a single purpose: Holding Assange long enough for the U.S. to prepare their espionage case against him.
What does it mean when UN member states refuse to provide information to their own Special Rapporteur on Torture?
That it is a prearranged affair. A show trial is to be used to make an example of Julian Assange. The point is to intimidate other journalists. Intimidation, by the way, is one of the primary purposes for the use of torture around the world. The message to all of us is: This is what will happen to you if you emulate the Wikileaks model.”

Under the supervision of Chief Magistrate Emma Arbuthnot, despite having a chronic lung condition and contrary to medical advice given the dangers posed by Covid19, Mr Assange continues to be denied bail and remains in Belmarsh prison where he is in his cell over 23 hours a day and not receiving the medical care he needs.

Scathing criticisms have been expressed by civil society (including a group called Doctors4Assange [5] and several journalists’ unions) as well as international organisations such as the Council of Europe (Mr Assange is listed on the Council of Europe’s Protection of Journalism / Safety of Journalists site). The context around the crimes perpetrated against Mr Assange is well laid out by the Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, in a statement issued on 20 February 2020 and entitled “Julian Assange should not be extradited due to potential impact on press freedom and concerns about ill-treatment” His statement discusses the context of Mr Assange’s political persecution, as follows:

“Julian Assange’s potential extradition has human rights implications that reach far beyond his individual case. The indictment raises important questions about the protection of those that publish classified information in the public interest, including those that expose human rights violations. (…) Consequently, allowing Julian Assange’s extradition on this basis would have a chilling effect on media freedom, and could ultimately hamper the press in performing its task as purveyor of information and public watchdog in democratic societies.”

It is disconcerting that despite overwhelming evidence in the public domain, the appropriate UK authorities found no reason to investigate Ms Arbuthnot’s conduct, when said conduct seems to be contrary not only to the rights of the defendant, but also against the aforementioned “inherent public interest”. It is extraordinary that they continue to be unperturbed by Ms Arbuthnot’s systematic disregard for the law. Among other things, her conduct seems to violate Mr Assange’s right to a fair trial, which is enshrined in article 6 of the Human Rights Act 1998 (UK) and the European Convention on Human Rights.

Furthermore, it is interesting, that those authorities overseeing judicial conduct seem untroubled by the fact that Ms Arbuthnot has apparently made a habit of “stepping aside” only after she is exposed by the media. This time, although she felt pressured to “step aside” from the bench of the Assange case, she “stepped aside”…not very far. As Chief Magistrate, she is still the supervising legal figure of the case “responsible for… supporting and guiding district judge colleagues.”

In our view, there is clear prima facie evidence that Chief Magistrate Emma Arbuthnot breached the “Terms Of Appointment and Conditions of Service” applying to her, as well as the relevant laws on judicial conduct.

As stated above, a substantiated complaint of conduct of this kind, whether or not previous complaints have also been made, is capable of being regarded as misbehaviour by the Lord Chancellor and Lord Chief Justice. The Lord Chancellor may, with the concurrence of the Lord Chief Justice, remove a District Judge (Magistrates’ Courts) from office on the ground of misbehaviour.

Given this longstanding unacceptable situation, we are signing this Open Letter, because the stultifying bureaucracy and gross negligence (to say the least) with which Mr Assange’s life is being handled has crossed all red lines. We are sounding the loudest alarm bells down History’s corridors. The wrongful actions and omissions of those responsible are on the record. Commodum Ex Injuria Sua Nemo Habere Debet (a wrongdoer should not be enabled by law to take any advantage from his actions).

We seek an immediate investigation of this matter as a matter of urgency and the removal of Chief Magistrate Emma Arbuthnot from office on the ground of misbehaviour.


[1]. See the “Daily Maverick”, with the latest article “REVEALED: Chief magistrate in Assange case received financial benefits from secretive partner organisations of UK Foreign Office” published on 21 February 2020 (
[2]. (
[4]. See
[5]. See, Doctors4Assange in The Lancet: and at
Expert testimony on the risks of Covid-19 in prisons and detention facilities. NB: A more specific document was provided in relation to Belmarsh; that document is not yet in the public domain.

For Signatories see replies and the list here:

I endorse this letter.  The travesty of Julian Assange’s trial should be halted and he should be released immediately and  unconditionally.  The authorities – domestic and international – should deploy all necessary resources to urgently investigate and prosecutute the myriad of crimes that Wikileaks has exposed.

Below is the list of the signatories endorsing the open letter collated from blog posts replies, and received via E-mail up until August 12th 2020.

1.Tim Hart
2.Dr Vacy Vlazna, Sydney, Guringai Country, Australia
3.Christina Downes. Retired lecturer, UK
4.James Mealey
5.Tom Marwick, Australia
6.Alessandra Barzini
7.Anna Fauzy-Ackroyd (UK)
8.Patricia Dahl, New York City
9.Christopher Clifford Willsher
10.Paul Winter, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, Ret’d Royal Signals and oil industry
11.Robert Small, Manitoba, Canada
12.Steph Tremaine
13.John Tremaine
14.Debbie Tremaine
15.Michelle Gatehouse
16.Jason Gatehouse
17.Nicole Tremaine
18.Darren Tremaine
19.Heather Searle
20.Melanie Searle
21.Chrissy Wright
22.Andrea Moyle
23.Judy Masters
24.Cathy Neuman
25.Graham Neuman
26.Meaghan Louise
27.Sonja Doonan
28.Daniel O’Connell
29.Chantel Scollard
30.Emily McPhee
31.Chinae McPhee
32.Jessica Westcott
33.Kip Lisle
34.Fletcher Brown
35.Jade Sutton
36.Far Boonkun
37.Scott Farrows
38.Kristian Wormington
39.Casey Archer
40.Hayley Maddison
41.Sarah Stroczan
42.Johanna Zupp
43.Jacob Cousins
44.Jason Dayal
45.Adam Treloar
46.Byron Deluca
47.Danny Swift
48.Dekota Rusak
49.Leigh Spencer-Gill
50.Cory Sharer
51.Gemma Hespe
52.Ella Macauley
53.Jackie Wallace
54.Lauren Johnson
55.Tim Horgan
56.Luke Knappstein
57.Daniel Cooney
58.Luke Cooney
59.Alice Cooney
60.Aditya Bhatia
61.Shirley Clements
62.Joanna Cecere-Palazzo
63.Kate Rose
64.Amy Lauren
65.Kate Simpson
66.Leah Byron
67.David James
68.Sebastian Hudson
69.Celeste Mack
70.Hope Bodnar
71.Steven Eigan
72.Alison Ashby, Skegness, UK
73.Robyn Stokes Australia
74.David Maple, UK citizen
75.Irina Volg
76.Audrey Hadley
77.Margaret Wesley, NZ
78.Ally Cat Bach, Australia
79.Rin Roche
80.Isi Wasilewski, Free Assange Committee Germany
81.Beate Gibalski
82.Anelia Kolb
83.Beatrice Koch
84.Johann Türk
85.Maike Etzold
86.Julia Metzger
87.Constanze Dost
88.Thomas Götze
89.Sibylle Kassel
90.Karsten Bitter
91.Patrick Büchner
92.Elke Siebert
93.Gudrun Mau
94.Eva Borner
95.Katharina Zeidler
96.Doris Forster
97.Dietrich von Mallinckrodt
98.Elizabeth Hamilton, Paris, France
99.Armin Wahl
100.Janine Heuer
101.Susanne Hahn
102.Nils von Klinkowström
103.Ute Herrmann
104.Benjamin Brosig
105.Thorsten Nespethal
106.Beate Strehlitz
107.Dieter Korbely
108.Beverly Zane
109.Wolfgang Carl
110.Simon Hunt
111.Emmy Butlin
112.Hilmar Franz
113.Brigitte Jeß
114.Christiane Reuthner
115.Heike Hänsel MP Germany
116.Klemens Kruck
117.Marianne Reguigne
118.Lena-Maria Lietmann
119.Dominique Ardilliez
120.Christine Manceron
121.Dr. Petra Post
122.Hans-Georg Emmerich
123.Richard Tye
124.DJ Madar
125.Gwendolyn Schumacher
126.ZR Pradyer
127.Ana Garcia
128.Anna Palczynska
129.Paula Iasella
130.Robert Marshall
131.Jude Fleming
132.Brognon Monique
133.Josephine Milligan
134.Jeremy Caplan
135.Jamie Ewing
136.Tess Maskell
137.Nerina Vaughan
138.Nikola Mitev
140.Allen Jasson
141.Veronika Smurova
142.Jenny (Ecuador)
143.Wolf Goehring
144.Josiane Greggio
145.Deborah Short
146.Sam Broughton
147.Denise Flood
148.Clare Stranack
149.Dr. Lilliana Corredor
150.Sarolta Elizabeth Kérészy
151.Andrew Shevlin
154.Susan Benn (Courage Foundation Trustee)
155.Gabriel Morales
156.Birgit V
157.Viktor DEDAJ Journalist – France
158.Manuel Pardo
159.BADARD Claudine
160.Ruth Powell
161.James Mealey
162.Monique France
164.Charlotte Yonge
166.Sue Taylor
167.Lilain Duffy
168.Aggie Lukaszewski
169.Joe Brack EF Press
170.Alina Lilova
171.Elisabeth Robyn
172.Kitty Hundal
173.María Eugenia
174.Gretchen Rodriquez
175.Mark Brooks
176.Alex Hills on behalf of 900 Free Assange NZ supporters and 2,300+ members worldwide of Candles4Assange.
177.Alan Dow
178.Lupe Canizales
179.Michael Lane
180.Steven Howden
181.(Dr) Robyn Gilbertson Australia
182.Corinne HENRY Co-founder of the French Facebook action and information group “Assange l’Ultime Combat”, now with more than 8,100 members, which has organised trips to London and during the pandemic rallies in Paris. I
183.G Jackson
184.Adrian Rupp
185.John Anthony Leehane
186.Janet Hassall
187.C. Porter
188.Chris Parker
189.Trevor Robinson
190.Jan Rock
191.Agathe Torti
192.De Cock
194.Sheila Stewart
195.Julie Pack
196.Magda Kovacs
197.James Amend, Ph.D.
199.Deborah Iannotti Seemayer-Iannotti
200.Christian Frentzen
201.Adrian Dickenson, Hove, East Sussex
202.Ayana Behati
203.Elise Histed
204.J. Graham
205.Max N Cook (Australia)
206.Sylvia Bennet
207.Gareth Watson
208.Francesca Brock
210.Kevin Marley
211.Cheryl Sanchez
212.Sarolta Elizabeth Kérészy
213.Robin Spalding
214.Andy Alcock
215.John Rogers
216.Corazon Renata
217.Jane Henderson
218.Jane Brownrigg
219.Mrs J E Patel
220.Antonia Omirou
221.Bel Nash
222.Ronald Joyal
223.Omar Misa
224.Mariana Duran
225.Anne Wright
226.Zulfqar Ali
227.Harley Price
228.Florencia Prado
229.Maria Nolden
230.Patricia Gracian
231.Josephine Unwin
232.Kathy Mcdonald
233.Michael Evans
234.Karina Fernandes
236.Tony Wakeham
237.Harriet Evans
238.Kathleen Cain
239.Steven Wilson
240.Brian Vickery
241.Annemarie Kappus
242.Volker Kunick
243.Dagmar Kraas
244.Norbert Flohe
245.Sabine Huber
246.Sigfred Hauffen
247.Ute Hasenbein
248.Kathrin Wolf
249.Tom Levold
251.Klaus Helms
252.Karin Moritz
253.Stephan Henn
254.Gordian Hense, Switzerland
255.Uwe Schmitt
256.Eva Breidenbach
257.Sigrun Wieler
258.Klaus Kroy, Germany
259.Dirk Hausberg
260.Elisabeth Hills
261.Tim Martens
262.Gotthard Schaab
263.Martin Veith
264.Corinna Knobelsdorff
265.Heike Richter
266.Elke Kluck
267.Kristina Hillgren
268.Wilfried Dorn
269.Manuel Greiner
270.Sherry Clayton
271.Shona Davidson
273.George Messinis
274.Badard Claudine
276.R Speechley
277.Ginger Claassen
278.K. Mogl
279.Juan Arreguin
280.Barbara Richards
281.Antoon van Maris
283.Marc Leuchtenberger
284.Marianne Reguigne
286.Andreas Pilger
287.Marianne Sorrell
288.Tom Marwick
289.Sara Payne
290.Ephraim Keinath
291.Stefan Thur

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